Hair transplantation is a common method not only in the scalp, but also in the area of eyebrows, beards, sideburns, mustaches and eyelashes. Hair transplantation is often used in the area of scars, burns and scars to hide them. It is used for various types of hair loss and, if you have a good supply of your own hair, can be performed several times.
For the first time, Japanese scientist Suji Okuda spoke about hair transplantation, publishing a series of scientific articles in 1939. He performed about 200 hair transplants to hide burn scars and head wounds. Since then, scientists have been able to figure out which hairs are resistant to androgens, and how they are best transplanted. Every year, techniques are improved and surgeons improve the ways to save graphs during hair transplantation.
There are basic concepts in hair transplantation:
- The donor zone is the area from which grafts are taken;
- Recipient zone - the zone on which the hair is transplanted;
- A graft is a piece of skin containing several hair follicles.
There are currently two types of hair transplant:
1) FUE method (Follicular Unit Extraction - extraction of follicular associations). With this type of transplantation, hair follicles are extracted one by one from the entire occipital region or body, and transplanted into the area without hair through specially created channels. One of the variants of the method is the use of the DHI Implanter tool.
The advantage of this method is that the grafts are removed one by one using a specially designed disposable tool with a diameter of 1 mm or less to avoid injury. During the insertion phase, the hair follicles are implanted into the area of hair loss without creating holes or cuts. Despite the uniqueness of this method, it has limitations in terms of the number of grafts and the transplant area.
2) FUT method (patchwork or Strip method). It is based on taking a skin flap from the donor area, followed by extraction of grafts from it and transplantation into the recipient area.
The advantage of this method is that it is suitable for large areas of baldness. A barely noticeable scar remains at the site of the fence, and the rehabilitation period is short. The risk of damage to the hair follicle is minimal.
The hair transplant operation is performed under local anesthesia. On average, the procedure can take from 6 to 10 hours. Percentage of survival 60% -95%.
In the postoperative period, it is necessary to fulfill all the appointments of the attending physician, to attend dressings in a timely manner. Apply ointments, medicines, cosmetic and physiotherapeutic procedures only in consultation with your doctor.
In the first days, you need to sleep on your back avoiding contact with the transplant area, wash your hair with a mild shampoo on the second day after the operation, and then every day until the crusts come off. Protect your scalp from sun exposure.
In the first week after the operation, it is necessary to follow a balanced diet, be careful when combing, avoid going to the gym, swimming pools, the sea, thermal procedures and physical activity.
The success of the operation depends on several reasons: a good donor area of the patient, the professionalism of the doctor and the speed of the procedure.
Contraindications for transplantation:
- Lupus erythematosus and other systemic diseases
- Scalp diseases
- mental illness
- Age under 18
If you decide to have a hair transplant, you should consult with a specialist to determine the transplant area and the required number of grafts. You will need to pass a standard set of tests for the presence of blood diseases and diseases in which transplantation is contraindicated.